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Kent N. Bachus
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Phone: 801-587-5200
Office: 590 Wakara Way Room A0100

Kent N. Bachus

Co-Director of Harold K. Dunn Orthopaedic Research Laboratory
Adjunct Professor, Bioengineering
Ph.D., Bioengineering, University of Utah



Current Research

Dr. Bachus' research interests include spine biomechanics, trauma, three-dimensional kinematics, and correlative histometric, mineral, and biomechanical studies of bone. He has been a part of the University of Utah 's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) and is currently on the Medical Student Admissions Committee. He reviews for the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery , Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research , Journal of Biomechanical Engineering , and the Journal of Biomaterials . His society memberships include the Orthopaedic Research Society, the Society for Biomaterials, the North American Spine Society, and the American Society for Testing and Materials.


Selected Publications

Barg A, Saltzman CL, Beals TC, Bachus KN, Blankenhorn BD, Nickisch F, Arthroscopic Talar Dome Access Using a Standard Versus Wire-Based Traction Method for Ankle Joint Distraction. Arthroscopy 2016 Jul;32(7):1367-74

Colman MW, Guss A, Bachus KN, Spiker WR, Lawrence BD, Brodke DS, Fixed-Angle, Posteriorly Connected Anterior Cage Reconstruction Improves Stiffness and Decreases Cancellous Subsidence in a Spondylectomy Model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2016 May;41(9):E519-23

Mitchell SJ, Jeyapalina S, Nichols FR, Agarwal J, Bachus KN, Negative pressure wound therapy limits downgrowth in percutaneous devices. Wound Repair Regen 2016 Jan-Feb;24(1):35-44

Wang B, Guss A, Chalayon O, Bachus KN, Barg A, Saltzman CL, Deep transverse metatarsal ligament and static stability of lesser metatarsophalangeal joints: a cadaveric study. Foot Ankle Int 2015 May;36(5):573-8

Calvert GC, Lawrence BD, Abtahi AM, Bachus KN, Brodke DS, Cortical screws used to rescue failed lumbar pedicle screw construct: a biomechanical analysis. J Neurosurg Spine 2015 Feb;22(2):166-72

Cook SJ, Nichols FR, Brunker LB, Bachus KN, A novel vacuum assisted closure therapy model for use with percutaneous devices. Med Eng Phys 2014 Jun;36(6):768-73

Nichols FR, Bachus KN, Comparison of in vitro techniques to controllably decrease bone mineral density of cancellous bone for biomechanical compressive testing. Med Eng Phys 2014 Jun;36(6):774-8

Chalayon O, Chertman C, Guss AD, Saltzman CL, Nickisch F, Bachus KN, Role of plantar plate and surgical reconstruction techniques on static stability of lesser metatarsophalangeal joints: a biomechanical study. Foot Ankle Int 2013 Oct;34(10):1436-42

Holt BM, Bachus KN, Beck JP, Bloebaum RD, Jeyapalina S, Immediate post-implantation skin immobilization decreases skin regression around percutaneous osseointegrated prosthetic implant systems. J Biomed Mater Res A 2013 Jul;101(7):2075-82

Isackson D, Cook KJ, McGill LD, Bachus KN, Mesenchymal stem cells increase collagen infiltration and improve wound healing response to porous titanium percutaneous implants. Med Eng Phys 2013 Jun;35(6):743-53

Tashjian RZ, Southam JD, Clevenger T, Bachus KN, Biomechanical evaluation of graft fixation techniques for acromioclavicular joint reconstructions using coracoclavicular tendon grafts. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2012 Nov;21(11):1573-9

Barg A, Courville XF, Nickisch F, Bachus KN, Saltzman CL, Role of collateral ligaments in metatarsophalangeal stability: a cadaver study. Foot Ankle Int 2012 Oct;33(10):877-82

Jeyapalina S, Beck JP, Bachus KN, Bloebaum RD, Cortical bone response to the presence of load-bearing percutaneous osseointegrated prostheses. Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2012 Sep;295(9):1437-45

Henninger HB, Barg A, Anderson AE, Bachus KN, Burks RT, Tashjian RZ, Effect of lateral offset center of rotation in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty: a biomechanical study. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2012 Sep;21(9):1128-35

Jeyapalina S, Beck JP, Bachus KN, Williams DL, Bloebaum RD, Efficacy of a porous-structured titanium subdermal barrier for preventing infection in percutaneous osseointegrated prostheses. J Orthop Res 2012 Aug;30(8):1304-11

Henninger HB, Barg A, Anderson AE, Bachus KN, Tashjian RZ, Burks RT, Effect of deltoid tension and humeral version in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty: a biomechanical study. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2012 Apr;21(4):483-90

Shelton TJ, Beck JP, Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, Percutaneous osseointegrated prostheses for amputees: Limb compensation in a 12-month ovine model. J Biomech 2011 Oct 13;44(15):2601-6

Isackson D, McGill LD, Bachus KN, Percutaneous implants with porous titanium dermal barriers: an in vivo evaluation of infection risk. Med Eng Phys 2011 May;33(4):418-26

Pelt CE, Turner CM, Bachus KN, Foreman KB, Beals TC, Micro-CT Density Analysis of the Medial Wall of the Human Medial Cuneiform. Orthopedics 2011 May 18;34(5):363

Finn MA, Samuelson MM, Bishop F, Bachus KN, Brodke DS, Two-level noncontiguous versus three-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: a biomechanical comparison. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2011 Mar 15;36(6):448-53

Clevenger T, Vance RE, Bachus KN, Burks RT, Tashjian RZ, Biomechanical comparison of acromioclavicular joint reconstructions using coracoclavicular tendon grafts with and without coracoacromial ligament transfer. Arthroscopy 2011 Jan;27(1):24-30

Bishop FS, Samuelson MM, Finn MA, Bachus KN, Brodke DS, Schmidt MH, The biomechanical contribution of varying posterior constructs following anterior thoracolumbar corpectomy and reconstruction. J Neurosurg Spine 2010 Aug;13(2):234-9

Widmer BJ, Peters CL, Bachus KN, Stevens PM, Initial stability of the acetabular fragment after periacetabular osteotomy: a biomechanical study. J Pediatr Orthop 2010 Jul-Aug;30(5):443-8

Finn MA, Brodke DS, Daubs M, Patel A, Bachus KN, Local and global subaxial cervical spine biomechanics after single-level fusion or cervical arthroplasty. Eur Spine J 2009 Oct;18(10):1520-7

Anderson MC, Brown NA, Bachus KN, Macwilliams BA, A cadaver knee simulator to evaluate the biomechanics of rectus femoris transfer. Gait Posture 2009 Jul;30(1):87-92

Shao H, Bachus KN, Stewart RJ, A water-borne adhesive modeled after the sandcastle glue of P. californica. Macromol Biosci 2009 May 13;9(5):464-71

Isaacson BM, Vance RE, Chou TG, Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, Webster JB, Effectiveness of resonance frequency in predicting orthopedic implant strength and stability in an in vitro osseointegration model. J Rehabil Res Dev 2009;46(9):1109-20

Higgins TF, Klatt J, Bachus KN, Biomechanical analysis of bicondylar tibial plateau fixation: how does lateral locking plate fixation compare to dual plate fixation? J Orthop Trauma 2007 May;21(5):301-6

Higgins TF, Pittman G, Hines J, Bachus KN, Biomechanical analysis of distal femur fracture fixation: fixed-angle screw-plate construct versus condylar blade plate. J Orthop Trauma 2007 Jan;21(1):43-6

Akyuz E, Braun JT, Brown NA, Bachus KN, Static versus dynamic loading in the mechanical modulation of vertebral growth. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2006 Dec 1;31(25):E952-8

Pittman GT, Peters CL, Hines JL, Bachus KN, Mechanical bond strength of the cement-tibial component interface in total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 2006 Sep;21(6):883-8

Skedros JG, Dayton MR, Sybrowsky CL, Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, The influence of collagen fiber orientation and other histocompositional characteristics on the mechanical properties of equine cortical bone. J Exp Biol 2006 Aug;209(Pt 15):3025-42

Brodke DS, Klimo P Jr, Bachus KN, Braun JT, Dailey AT, Anterior cervical fixation: analysis of load-sharing and stability with use of static and dynamic plates. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2006 Jul;88(7):1566-73

Bachus KN, DeMarco AL, Judd KT, Horwitz DS, Brodke DS, Measuring contact area, force, and pressure for bioengineering applications: using Fuji Film and TekScan systems. Med Eng Phys 2006 Jun;28(5):483-8

Braun JT, Ogilvie JW, Akyuz E, Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Creation of an experimental idiopathic-type scoliosis in an immature goat model using a flexible posterior asymmetric tether. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2006 Jun 1;31(13):1410-4

Braun JT, Hoffman M, Akyuz E, Ogilvie JW, Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Mechanical modulation of vertebral growth in the fusionless treatment of progressive scoliosis in an experimental model. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2006 May 20;31(12):1314-20

Peters CL, Hines JL, Bachus KN, Craig MA, Bloebaum RD, Biological effects of calcium sulfate as a bone graft substitute in ovine metaphyseal defects. J Biomed Mater Res A 2006 Mar 1;76(3):456-62

Braun JT, Akyuz E, Udall H, Ogilvie JW, Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Three-dimensional analysis of 2 fusionless scoliosis treatments: a flexible ligament tether versus a rigid-shape memory alloy staple. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2006 Feb 1;31(3):262-8

Fassett DR, Apfelbaum R, Clark R, Bachus KN, Brodke DS, Biomechanical analysis of a new concept: an add-on dynamic extension plate for adjacent-level anterior cervical fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2005 Nov 15;30(22):2523-9

Braun JT, Akyuz E, Ogilvie JW, Bachus KN, The efficacy and integrity of shape memory alloy staples and bone anchors with ligament tethers in the fusionless treatment of experimental scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2005 Sep;87(9):2038-51

Kemp TJ, Bachus KN, Nairn JA, Carrier DR, Functional trade-offs in the limb bones of dogs selected for running versus fighting. J Exp Biol 2005 Sep;208(Pt 18):3475-82

D'Astous JL, MacWilliams BA, Kim SJ, Bachus KN, Superficial versus deep transfer of the posterior tibialis tendon. J Pediatr Orthop 2005 Mar-Apr;25(2):245-8

Braun JT, Ogilvie JW, Akyuz E, Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Fusionless scoliosis correction using a shape memory alloy staple in the anterior thoracic spine of the immature goat. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2004 Sep 15;29(18):1980-9

Willie BM, Bloebaum RD, Bireley WR, Bachus KN, Hofmann AA, Determining relevance of a weight-bearing ovine model for bone ingrowth assessment. J Biomed Mater Res A 2004 Jun 1;69(3):567-76

Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Mohr RA, Nguyen BK, Segmental pedicle screw fixation or cross-links in multilevel lumbar constructs. a biomechanical analysis. Spine J 2001 Sep-Oct;1(5):373-9

Braun JT, Ogilvie JW, Akyuz E, Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Stefko RM, Experimental scoliosis in an immature goat model: a method that creates idiopathic-type deformity with minimal violation of the spinal elements along the curve. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2003 Oct 1;28(19):2198-203

Brodke DS, Gollogly S, Bachus KN, Alexander Mohr R, Nguyen BK, Anterior thoracolumbar instrumentation: stiffness and load sharing characteristics of plate and rod systems. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2003 Aug 15;28(16):1794-801

Peters CL, Bachus KN, Davitt JS, Fixation of periprosthetic femur fractures: a biomechanical analysis comparing cortical strut allograft plates and conventional metal plates. Orthopedics 2003 Jul;26(7):695-9

Skedros JG, Dayton MR, Sybrowsky CL, Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, Are uniform regional safety factors an objective of adaptive modeling/remodeling in cortical bone? J Exp Biol 2003 Jul;206(Pt 14):2431-9

Van Boerum DH, Randall RL, Mohr RA, Conrad EU, Bachus KN, Rotational stability of a modified step-cut for use in intercalary allografts. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003 Jun;85-A(6):1073-8

Hutchinson DT, Horwitz DS, Ha G, Thomas CW, Bachus KN, Cyclic loading of olecranon fracture fixation constructs. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003 May;85-A(5):831-7

Peters CL, Craig MA, Mohr RA, Bachus KN, Tibial component fixation with cement: full- versus surface-cementation techniques. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2003 Apr;(409):158-68

Greis PE, Scuderi MG, Mohr A, Bachus KN, Burks RT, Glenohumeral articular contact areas and pressures following labral and osseous injury to the anteroinferior quadrant of the glenoid. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2002 Sep-Oct;11(5):442-51

Randall RL, Weenig KN, West JR, Johnston JO, Bachus KN, Durability and strength of Steinmann pin augmentation in cemented tibial defects. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2002 Apr;(397):306-14

Davitt JS, Beals TC, Bachus KN, The effects of medial and lateral displacement calcaneal osteotomies on ankle and subtalar joint pressure distribution. Foot Ankle Int 2001 Nov;22(11):885-9

Peters CL, Mohr RA, Bachus KN, Primary total knee arthroplasty in the valgus knee: creating a balanced soft tissue envelope. J Arthroplasty 2001 Sep;16(6):721-9

Peters CL, Bachus KN, Craig MA, Higginbotham TO, The effect of femoral prosthesis design on cement strain in cemented total hip arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 2001 Feb;16(2):216-24

Bachus KN, Rondina MT, Hutchinson DT, The effects of drilling force on cortical temperatures and their duration: an in vitro study. Med Eng Phys 2000 Dec;22(10):685-91

Hutchinson DT, Bachus KN, Higgenbotham T, External fixation of the distal radius: to predrill or not to predrill. J Hand Surg Am 2000 Nov;25(6):1064-8

Sandmeier RH, Burks RT, Bachus KN, Billings A, The effect of reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament on patellar tracking. Am J Sports Med 2000 May-Jun;28(3):345-9

Momberger N, Morgan JM, Bachus KN, West JR, Calcaneocuboid joint pressure after lateral column lengthening in a cadaveric planovalgus deformity model. Foot Ankle Int 2000 Sep;21(9):730-5

Holmes JL, Bachus KN, Bloebaum RD, Thermal effects of the electron beam and implications of surface damage in the analysis of bone tissue. Scanning 2000 Jul-Aug;22(4):243-8

Horwitz DS, Bachus KN, Craig MA, Peters CL, A biomechanical analysis of internal fixation of complex tibial plateau fractures. J Orthop Trauma 1999 Nov;13(8):545-9

Su SC, Skedros JG, Bachus KN, Bloebaum RD, Loading conditions and cortical bone construction of an artiodactyl calcaneus. J Exp Biol 1999 Nov;202(Pt 22):3239-54

Bachus KN, Bloebaum RD, Jones RE, Comparative micromotion of fully and proximally cemented femoral stems. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1999 Sep;(366):248-57

Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, Jensen JW, Scott DF, Hofmann AA, Porous-coated metal-backed patellar components in total knee replacement. A postmortem retrieval analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1998 Apr;80(4):518-28

Bloebaum RD, Lundeen GA, Bachus KN, Ison I, Hofmann AA, Dissolution of particulate hydroxyapatite in a macrophage organelle model. J Biomed Mater Res 1998 Apr;40(1):104-14

Lundeen GA, Shea KG, Sanderson C, Bachus KN, Bloebaum RD, Technique for identification of submicron metal particulate from implants in histological specimens. J Biomed Mater Res 1998 Summer;43(2):168-74

Burks RT, Desio SM, Bachus KN, Tyson L, Springer K, Biomechanical evaluation of lateral patellar dislocations. Am J Knee Surg 1998 Winter;11(1):24-31

Hutchinson DT, Savory KM, Bachus KN, Crack-growth properties of various elastomers with potential application in small joint prostheses. J Biomed Mater Res 1997 Oct;37(1):94-9

Shea KG, Lundeen GA, Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, Zou L, Lymphoreticular dissemination of metal particles after primary joint replacements. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1997 May;(338):219-26

Hofmann AA, Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, Progression of human bone ingrowth into porous-coated implants. Rate of bone ingrowth in humans. Acta Orthop Scand 1997 Apr;68(2):161-6

Shea KG, Lundeen GA, Bachus KN, Bloebaum RD, Dunn HK, Inability of energy dispersive X-ray analysis to identify particulate polyethylene. J Biomed Mater Res 1996 Feb;30(2):175-80

Skedros JG, Bloebaum RD, Bachus KN, Boyce TM, The meaning of graylevels in backscattered electron images of bone. J Biomed Mater Res 1993 Jan;27(1):47-56

Hofmann AA, Bachus KN, Wyatt RW, Effect of the tibial cut on subsidence following total knee arthroplasty. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1991 Aug;(269):63-9